Philip waged war against Byzantionleaving Alexander in charge as regent and heir apparent. Alexander responded quickly, driving them from their territory. He colonized it with Greeks, and founded a city named Alexandropolis.
Visit Website When Alexander was 13, Philip called on the great philosopher Aristotle to tutor his son. Visit Website Alexander was just 16 when Philip went to battle the Byzantiums and left him in charge of Macedonia.
Alexander put his vigor and bravery on display, and his cavalry decimated the Band of Thebes. Alexander Becomes King In B.
Just 20 years old, Alexander claimed the Macedonian throne and killed his rivals before they could challenge his sovereignty. He also quashed rebellions for independence in northern Greece.
Alexander appointed the general Antipater as regent and headed for Persia with his army. They crossed the Hellespont, a narrow strait between the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara, and faced Persian and Greek forces at the Granicus river; victory went to Alexander and the Macedonians.
Alexander then headed south and easily took the city of Sardes. But his army encountered resistance in the cities of Miletus, Mylasa and Halicarnassus.
Under siege yet not beaten, Halicarnassus held out long enough for King Darius III, the newest Persian king, to amass a substantial army. Gordian Knot From Halicanassus, Alexander headed north to Gordium, home of the fabled Gordian knota group of tightly-entwined knots yoked to an ancient wagon.
Legend had it whoever unwound the knot would conquer all of Asia. As the story goes, Alexander took on the challenge but was unable to unravel the knot by hand.
He took another approach and sliced through the knot with his sword, claiming triumph. Battle of Issus In B. As it became clear Alexander would win the battle, Darius fled with what remained of his troops, leaving his wife and family behind.
His mother, Sisygambis, was so upset she disowned him and adopted Alexander as her son. By now it was clear that Alexander was a shrewd, ruthless and brilliant military leader—in fact, he never lost a battle in his life.
He rejected a plea from Darius for peace and took the towns of Byblos and Sidon. He then laid siege to the heavily-fortified island of Tyre in January B. But Alexander had no navy to speak of and Tyre was surrounded by water.
Alexander instructed his men to build a causeway to reach Tyre. All went well until they came within striking distance of the Tyrians. He was sidelined at Gaza, however, and forced to endure another lengthy siege. After several weeks, he took the town and entered Egypt where he established the city that still bears his name: Alexander traveled to the desert to consult the oracle of Ammon, a god of supposed good counsel.
Legends abound about what transpired at the oracle, but Alexander kept mum about the experience. Still, the visit furthered speculation Alexander was a deity. Following fierce fighting and heavy losses on both sides, Darius fled and was assassinated by his own troops.
Finally rid of Darius, Alexander proclaimed himself King of Persia. With Bessus out of the way, Alexander had full control of Persia.
Proskynesis To gain credibility with the Persians, Alexander took on many Persian customs. He began dressing like a Persian and adopted the practice of proskynesis, a Persian court custom that involved bowing down and kissing the hand of others, depending on their rank.
The Macedonians were less than thrilled with the changes in Alexander and his attempt to be viewed as a deity. They refused to practice proskynesis and some plotted his death.
Increasingly paranoid, Alexander ordered the death of one of his most esteemed generals, Parmerio, in B.Early Life. Alexander was born on the 6th day of the ancient Greek month of Hekatombaion, which probably corresponds to 20 July BC, although the exact date is not known, in Pella, the capital of the Ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon.
This biography begins not with one of the universally known incidents of Alexander's life, but with an account of his father, Philip of Macedonia, whose many-territoried empire was the first on the continent of Europe to have an effectively centralized government and yunusemremert.coms: Oct 20, · Alexander III of Macedon or commonly known as Alexander the Great was the conqueror and king of the Persian Empire which is the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon.
He was born on the 20/21st July BC in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia. The structure of this paper is the following: The brief introduction of Alexander the Great and his achievements followed by the analysis of the leadership traits of Alexander the Great, the analysis of the leadership behavior of Alexander the Great, and the assumption of Alexander’s leadership in the hospitality industry.
Alexander was born on the sixth day of the ancient Greek month of Hekatombaion, which probably corresponds to 20 July BC, although the exact date is disputed, in Pella, the capital of the Kingdom of Macedon. He was the son of the king of Macedon, Philip II, and his fourth wife, Olympias, the daughter of Neoptolemus I, king of Epirus.
Although . Alexander the Great became king of Macedon in BC, when he was only 20 years old, and died at the age of 32, twelve years later. During his reign he conquered the Achaemenid Persian Empire, the largest empire that had ever existed, leading his army from Greece to Pakistan, and from the Libyan desert to the steppes of Central Asia.