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The bandaging of battle wounds is shown on Classical Greek pottery from c. Ina society for the preservation of life from accidents in water was started in Amsterdamand inphysician William Hawes began publicizing the power of artificial respiration as means of resuscitation of those who appeared drowned.
This led to the formation, inof the Society for the Recovery of Persons Apparently First aid, later the Royal Humane Societywho did much to promote resuscitation. In Jean-Henri Dunant witnessed the aftermath of the Battle of Solferinoand his work led to the formation of the Red Crosswith a key stated aim of "aid to sick and wounded soldiers in the field".
Inthe Order of Saint John of Jerusalem in England changed its focus from hospice care, and set out to start a system of practical medical help, starting with making a grant towards the establishment of the UK's first ambulance service. This was followed by creating its own wheeled transport litter in the St John Ambulanceand in established the St John Ambulance Association the forerunner of modern-day St John Ambulance "to train men and women for the benefit of the sick and wounded".
Following this, inShepherd and Colonel Francis Duncan took advantage of the newly charitable focus of St John,  and established the concept of teaching first aid skills to civilians.
The first classes were conducted in the hall of the Presbyterian school in Woolwich near Woolwich barracks where Shepherd was based using a comprehensive first aid curriculum. First aid training began to spread through the British First aid through organisations such as St John, often starting, as in the First aid, with high risk activities such as ports and railways.
The key aims of first aid can be summarized in three key points, sometimes known as 'the three Ps': Prevent further harm[ edit ] Prevent further harm also sometimes called prevent the condition from worsening, or danger of further injury, this covers both external factors, such as moving a patient away from any cause of harm, and applying first aid techniques to prevent worsening of the condition, such as applying pressure to stop a bleed becoming dangerous.
Promote recovery[ edit ] First aid also involves trying to start the recovery process from the illness or injury, and in some cases might involve completing a treatment, such as in the case of applying a plaster to a small wound.
It is important to note that first aid is not medical treatment and cannot be compared with what a trained medical professional provides.
First aid involves making common sense decisions in best interest of an injured person. Key skills[ edit ] In case of tongue fallen backwards, blocking the airway, it is necessary to hyperextend the head and pull up the chin, so that the tongue lifts and clears the airway.
Small First Aid Kit for Hiking, Backpacking, Camping, Travel, Car & Cycling. With Waterproof Laminate Bags You Protect Your Supplies! Be Prepared For All Outdoor Adventures or at Home & Work. Complete online First Aid Certification Course and online CPR Certification Course, complete free test and get your certificate online instantly. Disclaimer: This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, emergency treatment or formal first-aid training. Don't use this information to diagnose or develop a treatment plan for a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified health care provider. If.
Certain skills are considered essential to the provision of first aid and are taught ubiquitously. Particularly the " ABC "s of first aid, which focus on critical life-saving intervention, must be rendered before treatment of less serious injuries. The same mnemonic is used by all emergency health professionals.
Attention must first be brought to the airway to ensure it is clear. Obstruction choking is a life-threatening emergency. Following evaluation of the airway, a first aid attendant would determine adequacy of breathing and provide rescue breathing if necessary.
Assessment of circulation is now not usually carried out for patients who are not breathing, with first aiders now trained to go straight to chest compressions and thus providing artificial circulation but pulse checks may be done on less serious patients.
Some organizations add a fourth step of "D" for Deadly bleeding or Defibrillationwhile others consider this as part of the Circulation step simply referred as Disability.
Variations on techniques to evaluate and maintain the ABCs depend on the skill level of the first aider. Once the ABCs are secured, first aiders can begin additional treatments or examination, as required if they possess the proper training such as measuring pupil dilation .
Some organizations teach the same order of priority using the "3Bs": Breathing, Bleeding, and Bones or "4Bs": Breathing, Bleeding, Burns, and Bones. While the ABCs and 3Bs are taught to be performed sequentially, certain conditions may require the consideration of two steps simultaneously.
This includes the provision of both artificial respiration and chest compressions to someone who is not breathing and has no pulse, and the consideration of cervical spine injuries when ensuring an open airway.
Preserving life[ edit ] To save a person's life, you need to have an open airway so it makes a clear passage where air can go through the mouth or nose through the pharynx and down into the lungs, without obstruction. Conscious people will maintain their own airway automatically, but those who are unconscious with a GCS of less than 8 may be unable to maintain a patent airway, as the part of the brain which automatically controls breathing in normal situations may not be functioning.
If the patient was breathing, a first aider would normally then place them in the recovery positionwith the patient leant over on their side, which also has the effect of clearing the tongue from the pharynx.
It also avoids a common cause of death in unconscious patients, which is choking on regurgitated stomach contents. The airway can also become blocked through a foreign object becoming lodged in the pharynx or larynx, commonly called choking.You can learn the lifesaving techniques of CPR and First Aid quickly and easily with our interactive online class.
Our course, presented by certified instructors, includes video demonstrations of Adult, Child and Infant CPR. Every year in the UK, thousands of people die or are seriously injured in incidents. Many deaths could be prevented if first aid was given before emergency services arrive. Prepare for the unexpected with first aid training from the American Red Cross.
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