The Casa Rosada is seen in the background.
The couple had their two sons out of wedlock and married in Juan himself was sent away in to a boarding school in Buenos Aires directed by his paternal grandmother, where he received a strict Catholic upbringing. His father's undertaking ultimately failed, and he died in Buenos Aires in The youth entered the National Military College in at age 16 and graduated in He excelled less in his studies than in athletics, particularly boxing and fencing.
He went on to command the post, and in this capacity mediated a prolonged labor conflict in at La Forestal, then a leading firm in forestry in Argentina. He was promoted to the rank of Major the following year and named to the faculty at the Superior War School, however, where he taught military history and published a number of treatises on the subject.
His wife was diagnosed with uterine cancer that year, and died on 10 September at age 30; Juan peron couple had no children. He also attended the University of Turin for a semester and served as a military observer in countries across Europe. He studied Benito Mussolini 's Italian Juan peronNazi Germanyand other European governments of the time, concluding in Juan peron summary, Apuntes de historia militar Notes about military historythat social democracy could be a viable alternative to liberal democracy which he viewed as a veiled plutocracy or totalitarian regimes which he viewed as oppressive.
This caused his power and influence to increase in the military government. They established an alliance to promote labour laws that had long been demanded by the workers' movement, to strengthen the unions, and to transform the Department of Labour into a more significant government office.
For months, a giant thermometer hung from the Buenos Aires Obelisk to track the fundraising. At this time, he met a minor radio matinee star, Eva Duarte.
The speech, prefaced by an excoriation of the conservative opposition, provoked an ovation by declaring that "we've passed social reforms to make the Argentine people proud to live where they live, once again.
Arrested four days later, he was released due to mass demonstrations organised by the CGT and other supporters; 17 October was later commemorated as Loyalty Day.
He also rallied further support by responding to the "Blue Book" with his own "Blue and White Book", which was a play on the Argentine flag colors, and focused on the antagonism of Yankee imperialism.
These two goals avoided Cold War entanglements from choosing between capitalism and socialism, but he had no concrete means to achieve those goals. Numerous military allies were fielded as candidates, notably Colonel Domingo Mercante who, when elected Governor of the paramount Province of Buenos Airesbecame renowned for his housing program.
He thought there would be another international war.
The IAPI wrested control of Argentina's famed grain export sector from entrenched conglomerates such as Bunge y Born ; but when commodity prices fell afterit began shortchanging growers.
Health insurance also spread to new industries, including banking and metalworking. The boost in the real incomes of workers was encouraged by government policies such as the enforcement of minimum wage laws, controls on the prices of food and other basic consumption items, and extending housing credits to workers.
This policy was developed to avoid the binary Cold War divisions and keep other world powers, such as the United States and the Soviet Union, as allies rather than enemies. He restored diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union, severed since the Bolshevik Revolution inand opened grain sales to the shortage-stricken Soviets.
Kennana staunch anti-communist and champion of containmentfed U. In they excluded Argentine exports from the Marshall Planthe landmark Truman administration effort to combat communism and help rebuild war-torn European nations by offering U. The policy deprived Argentina of potential agricultural markets in Western Europe to the benefit of Canadian exportersfor instance.
He negotiated the release of Argentine assets in the U. He even proposed the enlistment of Argentine troops into the Korean War in under UN auspices a move retracted in the face of public opposition.
He also sponsored numerous notable athletes, including the five-time Formula 1 world champion, Juan Manuel Fangiowho, without this funding, would have most likely never competed in Europe.
Growth and limitations[ edit ] Economic success was short-lived. The GDP expanded by over a fourth during that brief boom, about as much as it had during the previous decade. The money was useless to the Argentine government, because the treaty allowed Bank of England to hold the funds in trust, something British planners could not compromise on as a result of that country's debts accrued under the Lend-Lease Act.
The combined pressure practically devoured Argentina's liquid reserves and Miranda issued a temporary restriction on the outflow of dollars to U.
The nationalization of the Port of Buenos Aires and domestic and foreign-owned private cargo shipsas well as the purchase of others, nearly tripled the national merchant marine to 1.
The Central Bank was forced to devalue the peso at an unprecedented rate: Export-Import Bank to cover a number of private banks' debts to U. The elected convention whose opposition members soon resigned approved the wholesale replacement of the Constitution of Argentina with a new magna carta in March, explicitly guaranteeing social reforms; but also allowing the mass nationalization of natural resources and public services, as well as the re-election of the president.
This freeway was followed by one between Rosario and Santa Fe. Argentina's installed hydroelectric capacity, however, leapt from 45 to MW during his first term to about a fifth of the total public grid.
The completion of a gas pipeline between Comodoro Rivadavia and Buenos Aires was another significant accomplishment in this regard.Media in category "Juan Domingo Perón" The following 79 files are in this category, out of 79 total.
Juan Perón: Juan Perón, army colonel who became president of Argentina (–52, –55, –74) and was founder and leader of the Peronist movement.
Perón in his career was in many ways typical of the upwardly mobile, lower-middle-class youth of Argentina. He entered military school at 16 and made somewhat. Juan Domingo Perón (Lobos, 8 de octubre de Vicente López, 1 de julio de ) fue un militar, político, escritor y presidente argentino, el primero en ser elegido por sufragio universal y el único hasta la fecha en asumir la presidencia de la Nación en tres ocasiones, todas por medio de elecciones democráticas.
Fue el fundador del . Eva María Duarte de Perón (7 May – 26 July ) was the wife of Argentine President Juan Perón (–) and First Lady of Argentina from until her death in She is usually referred to as Eva Perón or Evita..
She was born in poverty in the rural village of Los Toldos, in the Pampas, as the youngest of five yunusemremert.com 15 in , she moved to the nation's capital of. Perón was born in a town near Lobos, Province of Buenos Aires.
He was the son of Mario Tomás Perón, a farmer whose family was of partial Scottish and rumored Italian origin, and Juana Sosa, who is believed to have been of mixed Spanish and American Indian descent.
According to research done by. Juan Domingo Peron () was an Argentine General and diplomat who was elected to serve as President of Argentina on three occasions (, , and ).