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Though theologically very similar to the Puritans who later founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Pilgrims believed that the Church of England could not be reformed. Rather than attempting to purify the church, the Pilgrims desired a total separation. Settlement, Founding, and Growth One hundred and twenty-five Pilgrims, some of whom founded Plymouth, first departed England in English authorities had forced the Pilgrims to halt Separatist worship at Scrooby Manor their residence in Nottinghamshire, England.
Thus, seeking freedom of worship, they left for Holland, first passing through Amsterdam and then settling in Leyden. The Pilgrims did indeed enjoy freedom of worship in Leyden but found Holland an imperfect refuge.
Most being farmers, the Pilgrims had difficulty prospering in urban Holland. More importantly, the Pilgrims feared their children were growing up in a morally degenerate atmosphere and were adopting Dutch customs and language.
Virginia offered such an opportunity. By the Virginia Company was in deep financial difficulty.
The two parties came to agreement in Julywith the Pilgrims and merchants being equal partners. The Pilgrims sold most of their possessions in Leyden and purchased a ship—the Speedwell—to take them to Southampton, England. Weston hired another ship—the Mayflower—to join the Speedwell on the voyage to America.
They met the Mayflower, which carried about seventy non-Separatists hired by Weston to journey to America as laborers. After a great deal of trouble with the Speedwell, the ship had to be abandoned, and only the Mayflower left Plymouth, England, for America on 16 September The travelers sighted Cape Cod in November and quickly realized they were not arriving in Virginia.
Prevented from turning south by the rocky coast and failing winds, the voyagers agreed to settle in the north. Exploring parties were sent into Plymouth harbor in the first weeks of December, and the Mayflower finally dropped anchor there on 26 December The weary, sickly passengers gradually came ashore to build what would become Plymouth Colony.
The winter was not particularly harsh, but the voyage left the passengers malnourished and susceptible to disease. Half of the passengers died during the first winter, but the surviving colonists, greatly aided by a plundered supply of Indian corn, were still able to establish a stable settlement.
The — contagion brought by English fishermen and traders had greatly weakened the local Indian populace, so the Pilgrims initially faced little threat from native peoples. Plymouth town was, in fact, conveniently built on cleared area that had once been an Indian cornfield.
The colonists built two rows of plank houses with enclosed gardens on "Leyden Street. Migration from England allowed the colony to grow, albeit slowly. By it reached By settlers had founded nine additional towns. Compared to its neighbor Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth Colony grew very modestly, reaching a population of only about 7, by Government and Politics Since the Pilgrims did not settle in Virginia, their patent was worthless, and they established Plymouth without any legal underpinning.
They agreed to establish a civil government based upon congregational church compact government, in which freemen elected the governor and his assistants, just as congregational church members chose their own ministers.
As the colonists spread out and founded new townsthe system needed modification. Having meetings of all freemen most adult men in Plymouth town to elect officials became impractical.
Starting inassemblies of freemen in individual towns chose deputies for a "General Court. The General Court became a powerful legislature, with sole authority to levy taxes, declare war, and define voter qualifications. Economy and Society Plymouth was intended for family settlement and commerce, not staple production or resource extraction like many other colonies.
The Pilgrims, bound together by their faith and social covenant, envisioned building a self-sustaining agricultural community that would be a refuge for Separatist dissenters.
Thus life in Plymouth revolved around family and religion. Those who did not, or those who openly challenged Separatist religious doctrine, were severely punished or driven from the colony entirely.
Land was divided fairly evenly, with each colonist initially receiving acres of land, with 1, acres reserved for common use.
Apart from home plots, acreage was initially assigned on a yearly basis. When Pilgrim leaders broke with their London merchant partners inevery man was assigned a permanent, private allotment. Farming proved productive enough to make the colony essentially self-sufficient in food production by The fur trade initially run by government monopoly proved very profitable, and allowed the colony to pay off its debt to the London merchants.Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the original English settlements in present-day Massachusetts, settled in by a group of about 1, Puritan refugees from England under Gov.
John Winthrop and Deputy Gov. Thomas Dudley. Jamestown and Plymouth: Compare and Contrast Traveling aboard the Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery, men landed in Virginia in at a place they named Jamestown.
This was the first permanent English settlement in the New World. PLYMOUTH COLONY. PLYMOUTH COLONY (or Plantation), the second permanent English settlement in North America, was founded in by settlers including a group of religious dissenters commonly referred to as the yunusemremert.com theologically very similar to the Puritans who later founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Pilgrims .
Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the original English settlements in present-day Massachusetts, settled in by a group of about 1, Puritan refugees from England under Gov. John Winthrop and Deputy Gov. Thomas Dudley.
Jamestown and Plymouth: Compare and Contrast Traveling aboard the Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery, men landed in Virginia in at a place they named Jamestown. This was the first permanent English settlement in the New World. Owing to the Great Migration, Mass Bay was considerably larger in population, with perhaps 20, Puritan immigrants moving to Mass Bay by In contrast, Plymouth Colony had maybe 2, inhabitants by The Separatists in Plymouth had some.