The pillars of the bigbang theory

This was the second pilot produced for the show. A different pilot was produced for the —07 television season but never aired.

The pillars of the bigbang theory

Accelerating expansion of the universe Independent lines of evidence from Type Ia supernovae and the CMB imply that the universe today is dominated by a mysterious form of energy known as dark energywhich apparently permeates all of space.

When the universe was very young, it was likely infused with dark energy, but with less space and everything closer together, gravity predominated, and it was slowly braking the expansion.

But eventually, after numerous billion years of expansion, the growing abundance of dark energy caused the expansion of the universe to slowly begin to accelerate. Apparently a new unified theory of quantum gravitation is needed to break this barrier.

What Is the Big Bang Theory?

Understanding this earliest of eras in the history of the universe is currently one of the greatest unsolved problems in physics. Features of the model The Big Bang theory depends on two major assumptions: The cosmological principle states that on large scales the universe is homogeneous and isotropic.

These ideas were initially taken as postulates, but today there are efforts to test each of them. The points, which can be galaxies, stars, or other objects, are themselves specified using a coordinate chart or "grid" that is laid down over all spacetime.

This metric contains a scale factorwhich describes how the size of the universe changes with time. This enables a convenient choice of a coordinate system to be made, called comoving coordinates.

In this coordinate system, the grid expands along with the universe, and objects that are moving only because of the expansion of the universe, remain at fixed points on the grid. While their coordinate distance comoving distance remains constant, the physical distance between two such co-moving points expands proportionally with the scale factor of the universe.

Introduction to Astronomy

Instead, space itself expands with time everywhere and increases the physical distance between two comoving points. In other words, the Big Bang is not an explosion in space, but rather an expansion of space.

The pillars of the bigbang theory

List of cosmological horizons An important feature of the Big Bang spacetime is the presence of particle horizons.

Since the universe has a finite age, and light travels at a finite speed, there may be events in the past whose light has not had time to reach us. This places a limit or a past horizon on the most distant objects that can be observed.

Conversely, because space is expanding, and more distant objects are receding ever more quickly, light emitted by us today may never "catch up" to very distant objects. This defines a future horizon, which limits the events in the future that we will be able to influence.

The presence of either type of horizon depends on the details of the FLRW model that describes our universe.

The pillars of the bigbang theory

So our view cannot extend further backward in time, though the horizon recedes in space. If the expansion of the universe continues to acceleratethere is a future horizon as well.

Hubble’s Law

XDF view — each light speck is a galaxy — some of these are as old as XDF image shows fully mature galaxies in the foreground plane — nearly mature galaxies from 5 to 9 billion years ago — protogalaxiesblazing with young starsbeyond 9 billion years.

The Big Bang theory developed from observations of the structure of the universe and from theoretical considerations. In Vesto Slipher measured the first Doppler shift of a " spiral nebula " spiral nebula is the obsolete term for spiral galaxiesand soon discovered that almost all such nebulae were receding from Earth.

He did not grasp the cosmological implications of this fact, and indeed at the time it was highly controversial whether or not these nebulae were "island universes" outside our Milky Way. This allowed him to estimate distances to galaxies whose redshifts had already been measured, mostly by Slipher.

A beginning in time was "repugnant" to him. If this suggestion is correct, the beginning of the world happened a little before the beginning of space and time.

In this model the universe is roughly the same at any point in time. Eventually, the observational evidence, most notably from radio source countsbegan to favor Big Bang over Steady State.

The discovery and confirmation of the CMB in secured the Big Bang as the best theory of the origin and evolution of the universe. Ellis published papers where they showed that mathematical singularities were an inevitable initial condition of general relativistic models of the Big Bang.

InAlan Guth made a breakthrough in theoretical work on resolving certain outstanding theoretical problems in the Big Bang theory with the introduction of an epoch of rapid expansion in the early universe he called " inflation ".

This issue was later resolved when new computer simulations, which included the effects of mass loss due to stellar windsindicated a much younger age for globular clusters.The Big Bang theory offers a comprehensive explanation for a broad range of observed phenomena, including the abundance of light elements, the CMB, large scale structure, and Hubble's Law.

Hubble’s new findings placed the foundations for the Big Bang theory. The Big Bang theory states that around billion years ago the universe came into existence from one single extremely hot and dense point, and that something triggered the explosion of this .

The Big Bang theory at the time was sufficiently removed from mainstream science that people did not think it worth their while to carry out experiments to confirm or deny it.

The absorption of light by cyanogen molecules implied a temperature of K for the coldest clouds of molecular gas in our galaxy. The Big Bang Theory is an American television sitcom created by Chuck Lorre and Bill Prady, both of whom serve as executive producers on the series, along with Steven Molaro.

All three also serve as head writers. The . THe Pillars of the Big bang theory THE 3 PILLARS OF THE BIG BANG THEORY In the beginning there was nothing-no time to describe ‘when’ or no space to fill matter in.

Theory predicts the amount of Helium in the Universe should be about 25% (10% from the Big Bang, and ~15% since then, made in stars). So, observers set out to measure the fraction of Helium in the Universe.

What Is The Evidence For The Big Bang? - Universe Today