It also allows the use of investigative tools designed for organized crime and drug trafficking prevention for terrorist investigations. For example, federal agents can use court orders to obtain business records from hardware stores or chemical plants to determine who may be buying materials to make bombs, or bank records to determine who is sending money to terrorists or suspect organizations.
Enhancing domestic security against terrorism[ edit ] Main article: Patriot Act, Title I Title I authorizes measures to enhance the ability of domestic security services to prevent terrorism.
The title established a fund for counter-terrorist activities and increased funding for the Terrorist Screening Center which is administered by the FBI.
The military was authorized to provide assistance in some situations that involve weapons of mass destruction when so requested by the Attorney General.
The title also condemned the discrimination against Arab and Muslim Americans that happened soon after the September 11 terrorist attacks.
The impetus for many of the provisions came from earlier bills, for instance the condemnation of discrimination was originally proposed by Senator Tom Harkin D - IA in an amendment to the Combatting Terrorism Act ofthough in a different form.
It originally included "the prayer of Cardinal Theodore McCarrickthe Archbishop of Washington in a Mass on September 12, for our Nation and the victims in the immediate aftermath of the terrorist hijackings and attacks in New York City, Washington, D.
Surveillance procedures[ edit ] Main article: Patriot Act, Title II Title II is titled "Enhanced Surveillance Procedures", and covers all aspects of the surveillance of suspected terrorists, those suspected of engaging in computer fraud or abuse, and agents of a foreign power who are engaged in clandestine activities.
In particular, the title allows government agencies to gather "foreign intelligence information" from both U. Also removed was the statutory requirement that the government prove a surveillance target under FISA is a non-U.
Wiretaps were expanded to include addressing and routing information to allow surveillance of packet switched networks  —the Electronic Privacy Information Center EPIC objected to this, arguing that it does not take into account email or web addresses, which often contain content in the address information.
Those who operate or own a "protected computer" can give permission for authorities to intercept communications carried out on the machine, thus bypassing the requirements of the Wiretap statute. The law governing obligatory and voluntary disclosure of customer communications by cable companies was altered to allow agencies to demand such communications under U.
Title 18 provisions relating to the disclosure of electronic communications chapterpen registers and trap and trace devices chapter and stored communicationsthough it excluded the disclosure of cable subscriber viewing habits. IP addressespayment method and bank account and credit card numbers.
The so-called "sneak and peek" law allowed for delayed notification of the execution of search warrants. The court found the searches to violate the provision that prohibits unreasonable searches in the Fourth Amendment to the U. These are seen as important by the Department of Justice because they believe that terrorists can exploit wiretap orders by rapidly changing locations and communication devices such as cell phones,  while opponents see it as violating the particularity clause of the Fourth Amendment.
The sunset provision of the Act also took into account any ongoing foreign intelligence investigations and allowed them to continue once the sections had expired. Anti-money-laundering to prevent terrorism[ edit ] Main article: It was divided into three subtitles, with the first dealing primarily with strengthening banking rules against money laundering, especially on the international stage.
The second attempts to improve communication between law enforcement agencies and financial institutions, as well as expanding recordkeeping and reporting requirements. The third subtitle deals with currency smuggling and counterfeiting, including quadrupling the maximum penalty for counterfeiting foreign currency.
The first subtitle tightened the recordkeeping requirements for financial institutions, making them record the aggregate amounts of transactions processed from areas of the world where money laundering is a concern to the U.
It also made institutions put into place reasonable steps to identify beneficial owners of bank accounts and those who are authorized to use or route funds through payable-through accounts.
Treasury was charged with formulating regulations intended to foster information sharing between financial institutions to prevent money-laundering. Similarly, mergers between insured depository institutions and non-insured depository institutions that have a bad track record in combating money-laundering could be blocked.
It prohibited shell banks that are not an affiliate of a bank that has a physical presence in the U. It also prohibits or restricts the use of certain accounts held at financial institutions. It is expected that additional scrutiny will be applied by the U. Banks must identify all the nominal and beneficial owners of any private bank account opened and maintained in the U.
There is also an expectation that they must undertake enhanced scrutiny of the account if it is owned by, or is being maintained on behalf of, any senior political figure where there is reasonable suspicion of corruption.
Thus any restraining orderseizure warrant or arrest warrant may be made against the funds in the interbank account held at a U. Financial institutions are prohibited from allowing clients to specifically direct them to move funds into, out of, or through a concentration account, and they are also prohibited from informing their clients about the existence of such accounts.
Financial institutions are not allowed to provide any information to clients that may identify such internal accounts.
The definition of money laundering was expanded to include making a financial transaction in the U. Attorney General  and the smuggling of any item controlled under the Export Administration Regulations.Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of - Title I: Enhancing Domestic Security Against Terrorism - Establishes in the Treasury the Counterterrorism Fund.
The USA PATRIOT Act is an Act of Congress signed into law by US President George W. Bush on October 26, With its ten-letter abbreviation (USA PATRIOT) expanded, the Act's full title is "Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to .
United States of America AT THE FIRST SESSION Begun and held at the City of Washington on Wednesday, the third day of January, two thousand and one An Act To deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools, and for .
What is the USA PATRIOT Act? The “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism” Act, or USA PATRIOT Act, was introduced less than a week after September 11, , and was signed into law on October 26, We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us.
Jun 02, · USA PATRIOT Act, also called PATRIOT Act, in full Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of , U.S. legislation, passed by Congress in response to the September 11, , terrorist attacks and signed into law by Pres.
George W. Bush in October .